Navaratnas Nauratan (Sanskrit dvigu nava-ratna- or “nine gems”) was a term applied to a group of nine extraordinary people in an emperor’s court in India. Some well-known groups are in the Raaj Sabha (court) of King Janaka, Emperor Vikramaditya and in Emperor Akbar’s darbar.
The Mughal ruler Akbar, despite his illiteracy, was a great lover of the artists and intellectuals. His passion for knowledge and interest in learning from great minds led him to attract men of genius to his court, known as the nine courtiers of Emperor Akbar or Navratnas.
Abul Fazal - Akbar’s chief advisor and author of Akbarnama,
Faizi – Poet laureate of Akbar’s Court.
Raja Man Singh - The Kacchwaha Rajput Raja of Amber(Jaipur) was Akbar’s trusted general and Commander-in-chief.
Miyan Tansen - Legendary Musician, well known for his voice and music.
Raja Todar Mal - Akbar’s finance minister.
Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana – Poet and son of Akbar’s trusted protector and caretaker, Bairam Khan.
Fakir Aziao-Din - A mystic and advisor to the Emperor.
Mullah Do Piaza - Was an advisor.
Raja Birbal - Known for great wit